Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are a species of fish that are native to Southeast Asia, specifically in the Mekong River basin in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. They are known for their bright colors, long fins, and aggressive behavior. Bettas are a freshwater fish species and can be found in a variety of habitats such as rice paddies, swamps, and slow-moving streams.
Bettas are a popular species of fish for home aquariums due to their vibrant colors and unique personalities. They come in a variety of colors, including red, blue, green, purple, black, and many more. Bettas are also available in different tail types such as the halfmoon, crowntail, and others. Bettas are known for their aggression and can be kept alone in a tank or with other peaceful tankmates.
Bettas are also popular in the ornamental fish trade, and have been selectively bred for specific color patterns and fin types. This has led to the creation of many different varieties of Bettas, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most popular varieties include the Veiltail, Crowntail, Halfmoon, and Plakat.
Bettas are known for their ability to breathe air via a labyrinth organ, which is a special organ located in their head that allows them to extract oxygen from the air. This organ enables Bettas to survive in low oxygen environments such as stagnant water or rice paddies. However, it's important to note that even though Bettas can survive in poor water conditions, they still need clean, oxygen-rich water to thrive.
Bettas are also known for their aggressive behavior, which is why they were originally given the name Siamese Fighting Fish. Bettas are territorial by nature, and males in particular can become aggressive towards other males if they feel their territory is being threatened. This is why it's generally recommended that males be kept alone, or with other peaceful tankmates.
It's also worth noting that Bettas are also used for fighting in some cultures, but this practice is considered cruel and is banned in many countries. Bettas should not be kept in bowls or small containers and should have at least 5 gallons of water, with heater and filtration.